Annual report pursuant to Section 13 and 15(d)

Income Taxes

Income Taxes
12 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2020
Income Tax Disclosure [Abstract]  
Income Taxes



Pursuant to the provisions of FASB ASC Topic No. 740 Income Taxes (“ASC 740”), deferred income taxes reflect the net effect of (a) temporary difference between carrying amounts of assets and liabilities for financial purposes and the amounts used for income tax reporting purposes, and (b) net operating loss carryforwards. No net provision for refundable Federal income taxes has been made in the accompanying statement of operations because no recoverable taxes were paid previously. Significant components of the Company’s net deferred tax assets at June 30, 2020 and 2019 are shown below. A valuation allowance of approximately $15,174,000 and $11,636,000 has been established to offset the net deferred tax assets as of June 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively, due to uncertainties surrounding the Company’s ability to generate future taxable income to realize these assets.


The Company is subject to taxation in the United States and California. The Company’s tax years for 2010 and forward are subject to examination by the United States and California tax authorities due to the carry forward of unutilized net operating losses and research and development credits (if any).


The Company has incurred losses since inception, so no current income tax provision or benefit has been recorded. Significant components of the Company’s net deferred tax assets are shown in the table below.


    Year Ended June 30,  
    2020     2019  
Deferred Tax Assets:                
Net operating loss carryforwards   $ 12,865,000     $ 10,028,000  
Stock compensation     1,652,000       1,407,000  
Interest expense Sec. 163     261.000       55,000  
Lease liability     1,004,000       -  
Other, net     353,000       146,000  
Net deferred tax assets     16,135,000       11,636,000  
Valuation allowance for deferred tax assets     (15,174,000 )     (11,636,000 )
Total deferred tax assets   $ 961,000      $ -  
Deferred Tax Liabilities:                
Right of use asset   $ (961,000 )   $  -  
Total deferred tax liabilities     (961,000 )     -  
Net deferred tax liabilities   $ -     $ -  


At June 30, 2020, the Company had unused net operating loss carryovers of approximately $45,675,000 and $46,873,000 that are available to offset future federal and state taxable income, respectively. These operating losses begin to expire in 2030.


The provision for income taxes on earnings subject to income taxes differs from the statutory federal rate at June 30, 2020 and 2019, due to the following:


    Year Ended June 30,  
    2020     2019  
Federal income taxes at 21%   $ (3,011,000 )   $ (2,607,000 )
State income taxes, net     (1,001,000 )     (867,000 )
Permanent differences and other     474,000       450,000  
Other true ups, if any     -       (23,000 )
Change in federal tax rate     -       -  
Change in valuation allowance     (3,538,000 )     (3,047,000 )
Provision for income taxes   $ -     $ -  


Internal Revenue Code Sections 382 limits the use of our net operating loss carryforwards if there has been a cumulative change in ownership of more than 50% within a three-year period. The Company has not yet completed a Section 382 net operating loss analysis. In the event that such analysis determines there is a limitation on the use on net operating loss carryforwards to offset future taxable income, the recorded deferred tax asset relating to such net operating loss carryforwards will be reduced. However, as the Company has recorded a full valuation allowance against its net deferred tax assets, there is no impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements as of June 30, 2020 and 2019.


Under ASC 740, the impact of an uncertain income tax position on the income tax return must be recognized at the largest amount that is more-likely-than-not to be sustained upon audit by the relevant taxing authority. An uncertain income tax position will not be recognized if it has less than a 50% likelihood of being sustained. Additionally, ASC 740 provides guidance on de-recognition, classification, interest and penalties, accounting in interim periods, disclosure and transition.


In accordance with ASC 740, there are no unrecognized tax benefits as of June 30, 2020 or June 30, 2019.